Category: Fashion

Info of Making Batik

The wax used in the batik-making process is commonly a mixture of beeswax and paraffin. Beeswax is used because it is easily shaped without breaking and paraffin cracks easily which creates the desired visual effect. Natural resins are sometimes added to aid adhesiveness, and animal fats make the wax more liquid. The exact quantity of ingredients for the wax is a closely guarded secret for each individual crafts person. Intricate details of the design are drawn using high quality wax while large areas are filled in with a lower quality cheaper wax. The wax must be kept at the correct temperature: too cold will set in the mouth of the canting tool; and too hot will flow too quickly and be difficult to control.

The wax is heated in a small iron or earthenware wok called a wajan over a charcoal stove or gas burner. While the wax is being applied to the cloth, the remainder is kept in a molten state. The tool used to draw the patterns on the fabric is called a canting or tjanting. This is a small copper container with a long thin spout. The wax flows down the spout and which is used by the artisan to draw patterns, lines or dots. The canting is attached to a bamboo handle to make it easier to manipulate. A batik maker will usually possess a number of canting with spouts in slightly different sizes.

Before applying the wax, the design is drawn lightly on the cloth using charcoal or pencil, or traced from a stencil. Designs are passed down over generations. An individual artisan will have signature designs or may be working to order. Batik from a particular region often uses the same patterns or motifs, and in Javanese traditional culture, certain designs are reserved for certain stations in life, such as the sultan or royal family.

After the design has been sketched out the wax is applied using the canting. The cloth is spread over a bamboo frame to allow the wax to cool and harden easily. The artisan will trace along the pencil outline or apply dots or other patterns. The spout of the canting does not touch the fabric; it is held just above the material. The pattern is usually waxed on both sides of the cloth. The finest quality batik tulis is truly reversible with an identical pattern on both sides. Great care is taken to not spill any wax on the fabric or otherwise make mistakes as they are virtually impossible to remove. If wax is spilled, the area is soaked in hot water and then the wax is peeled off with a sharp knife. However, spilled wax can rarely be completely removed without any spoilage which reduces the price of the finished cloth. Therefore, detailed work is usually performed by the most experienced artisan. Large areas are often filled in by less experienced apprentices.

When the design has been completed, the cloth is dyed in earthenware or concrete vats of dye. The amount time it is immersed in the vat affects how dark the color will be. After dyeing, the fabric is dried and further coats of wax applied if the artisan wants to add further colors with another dyeing process. A marble effect can be created by deliberately cracking the wax before immersion in the dye. The number of colors on a piece of batik shows how many times it was dyed and wax re-applied, and a higher number is reflected in a higher price for the finished piece. Traditionally colors were restricted to those from natural dyes but nowadays chemical dyes are used for a much greater range. After all the required colors have been applied, the finished batik is soaked in a solvent to dissolve the remaining wax, or ironed between sheets of paper which absorbs the wax.

Some batik for special occasions was decorated with gold dust or gold leaf. The gold was painted on to the finished cloth using a glue made from egg white and oil. The gold was often used to highlight aspects of the design. Gold is still used today, but often in the form of paint.

Traditional hand-drawn batik is very time-consuming and costly to produce so at the end of the 19th century, a method of batik production was developed that greatly speeded up the process. Wax is used to coat a copper stamp called a cap which is then pressed onto the cloth. The process is repeated until the entire surface has been filled. This method is very effective for repetitive designs but is often combined with detail added by the canting. Great care must be taken to align the edges of the stamped design in order to reproduce the pattern exactly. On lower quality, cheaper batik produced using the cap, overlapping lines can sometimes be seen.

Hand-drawn batik produced by the traditional methods and cap batik is still widely available across Asia. However, the majority of batik fabric and clothes is made using factory produced batik print: cloth printed with the traditional designs and colors but without the application of wax. Many of these factories and designers use computers to produce accurate repetitive patterns. On a smaller scale, some contemporary batik designers and painters using batik as a medium are producing designs and using materials that move away from the formal and traditional styles of their ancestors whilst maintaining the feel and elegance of the original concept.

Little Black Dress

With the beginning of the twentieth century, dresses were anything but little. Made of heavy weave, complicated structures and whale bones for support, Madame Chanel and her vision liberated women from these contraptions with the radical notions of simplicity, comfort and freedom.

Audrey Hepburn was the pinnacle of chic in a hit movie set in New York. In her black dress and dark sunglasses she set the stage for the LBD to move to cocktail parties where formerly, its domain was the funeral. And as a cocktail dress, it skimmed the body with a shortened hemline.

For a decade or two, the LBD was ignored in favor of hippie chic but vivacious color, flowing fabrics and longer lengths. It was the eighties that brought black into fashion and it has been the predomination hue for the fashionable since then. Only now, in 2011, bold colors and quirky prints are making a comeback.

Nevertheless, no closet should be without the essential LBD for good reason. If you happen to be a woman who hates shopping, never wear dresses or socialize much, even you need this wardrobe staple. When an event or important occasion comes up, instead of an emergency shopping expedition, you just take out your LBD, shed your jeans and are good to go.

If you plan to purchase a LBD, a few guidelines must be adhered to. It must fit perfectly. It must be of a timeless style. It must make you look both elegant and sexy. If you detest shopping, this is an even better reason to find the perfect one and be done with it. Do not economize here. The right choice will serve you well for years.

This will be the case when reuniting with old flames, lost lovers, former enemies and future prospects. Meeting these people in a sharp, shapely LBD will give you self-assurance. In the right frock you will be able to meet anyone, arrive anywhere with confidence.

For traveling, a LBD is essential. Your trip may be more about outdoor pursuits but eventually you will take in cultural events and visit a fine restaurant. That LBD in your luggage that you hardly notice amongst your hiking cloths will be your secret weapon.

As a woman with an extensive wardrobe, you are probably set with several versions. Good for you. Your only concerns will be that the fit remains perfect, they are clean and fresh and still in style. Very little maintenance is needed for classics.

Shoe Styles to Wear With Skinny Jeans

Go with ankle boots

Ankle boots are back, and you’ll find them everywhere in as many styles and colors you can imagine. Whether you like cowboy-inspired boots, lace-ups or slouchy suede, you’ll be sure to find an ankle boot to suit your style. Ankle boots look fabulous with skinny jeans; their abbreviated shape sets off slim legs perfectly, elongating your legs by showing more of them. Plus, they’re fun, funky and right on trend.

Choose classic tall boots

Knee-high boots are the iconic foil to skinny jeans. Tuck your skinnies into tall boots and you’re instantly stylish, chic and polished. Classic riding boots are especially flattering with skinny jeans, so try an always-fashionable flat-heeled equestrian style to emanate preppy-cool style and take your look up a notch. But when it’s time to dress up a bit more, heeled tall boots paired with skinnies–especially skinnies in a super-dark or black wash–make you look glamorous and ready for a night out.

Try a flirty flat

Ballet flats have been popular for awhile now, and their staying power hasn’t diminished. While ballets look cute with other pant styles too, they’re especially adorable with skinny jeans. A cropped or ankle-grazing skinny jean with a classic ballet flat is the perfect flirty, Audrey Hepburn-inspired look–and flats are practical and comfy to boot. If your daily life involves a lot of running around, chasing kids or dashing from meeting to meeting, a ballet flat is ideal. As an added bonus, you can find ballets in tons of styles and variations, from casual to elegant. For a more casual look, try fun printed canvas, denim or classic solid-colored leather ballets. For a dressier or edgier look, choose flats embellished with jewels, flowers, ruffles or buckles, or go for a two-toned, cap-toed flat or one in an animal print.

B Makowsky Tote Bags

The brand predominantly offers shoes and purses; yet their bags are something that can simply take your breath away. These purses are available in different styles and designs; like there are the simple shoulder bags then there are cross-body bags, Damascus hobo bags and the beautiful tote bags and tote purses. Among this large variety of bags, although all are wonderful but the tote are really eye-catching.

B Makowsy has earned their reputation and satisfied clientele through their sheer high quality work and nominal prices. Usually, the branded bags available in the market are more than just expensive so many people find themselves unable to buy these trendy bags. But now, with a wide range of bags, you can throw all your worries away. All of the bags by B Makowsky, particularly, the tote bags will definitely make a style statement once you wear them to your school/college, office or even to your shopping expedition. They surely will earn you loads of compliments.

B Makowsky tote bags like all the other bags offered by this brand have a signature style of paisley lining and satin finished hardware. These bags are made by butter-soft leather which will make you feel your bag again and again. Moreover, they are light weight and contain pockets and dividers, which will help you, keep a lot of your essential day to day items in your bag. Furthermore, they are available in a large variety of different colors, so you will definitely find the perfect one for you.

Furthermore, this brand keep on bringing new styles in the bags and shoes so, in case you do not find the one of your choice, you can pay visit to their website or register with them to get the information of the new arrivals.

Choosing Evening Dresses

There are many women who know what to wear for which occasion. However, there are also those who have no clue as to where to start to get that perfect dress for the event. There are many shops that sell women’s dresses all over the world and these dresses are classified in different categories, which will include prom dresses, bridesmaid dresses, party dresses, full-figured dresses and evening dresses. The evening dresses are designed to be classic pieces which can be worn time and time again, throughout the seasons.

Most quality evening dresses are quite expensive so you will need to first check their prices and then set and stick to your budget. If you cannot afford the large price tags, there are many online stores that sell these types of dresses at fair prices. In order to find the best evening dresses that suit you, you must know a bit about the materials used and the design of the dress, keeping your body shape in mind. Women are very particular about what they wear, and this starts with the type of material that the evening dresses are made of. Choose a material that feels comfortable against your skin so that you enjoy your night and don’t get irritated by the fabric.

It is important to get them from companies that have a widespread knowledge in the fashion industry with the necessary experience. Knowing your body will also go a long way in finding the right evening dress for different events. If you do not know your height, bust and waist size, it will be difficult finding the right dress. Make sure you have taken all the measurements yourself or by a professional before starting the process of finding a dress for your occasion.


  • Women are known to have shorter torsos than men. Thus their backpacks should have a shorter frame length.
  • Needless to say women are curvier than men, and hence rucksacks for women should be designed to curve around the chest.
  • Women also have narrower shoulders than men. Thus their backpacks shouldn’t be as wide as the ones intended for men.

Now that we’ve considered the different elements that should be kept in mind before buying a bag, let us consider a few backpacks that are popular among women hikers and travel enthusiasts.

Osprey Ariel:The Osprey Ariel pack is made of 420D Nylon and comes with a detachable top pocket. It weighs around 65 lb and is characterized by a separate sleeping bag compartment, with multiple exterior pockets, internal bladder pockets, tube ports and compression straps. You can also choose from Ariel 75 that can carry heavier loads.

Gregory Women’s Deva 60: The pack comes with a curved waist belt that can fold on the hips, thus causing the weight to be distributed evenly. There are several side pockets and waist belt pockets that allow you to store small knick-knacks. The pack can carry about 50 pounds and is comfortable to carry heavy weight. However the fact that there isn’t much room to store things in large numbers can be a problem.

Deuter Futura Pro 34 SL Women’s Pack: This backpack is designed for women with a smaller frame, and is characterized with narrow shoulder straps and shorter frame. The shoulder straps are padded and are designed to prevent the backpack from directly sticking to your back, thus keeping you drier. There are plenty of pockets to help women store knick-knacks. There’s also a rain-cover that can be pulled to cover the pack.

Osprey Argon 85 Pack: The pack comes with hip pads and shoulder straps that intend to make the wearer feel comfortable. It also comes with a hydration sleeve that is comfortable for day tripping. It also has a ReCurve suspension that manages load transfer, and an HDPE framesheet along with two aluminum stays and aluminum rods.

Hunter Wellies

Back in 1856 Henry Norris and Spencer Parmalee, both American entrepreneurs landed in Scotland to pursue a patent manufacturing rubber boots. They were able to start up a factory from scratch in Edinburgh, Scotland. Not only did they make rubber boots but, tires, combs, golf balls and rubber flooring.

By 1875 these two American entrepreneurs had grown a staff of 600 employees and voila’ Hunter boot Ltd was born. With WWI raging in Europe the War Office had asked for a heavy sturdy boot that would be dependable in the trenches. Over a million were made to cope with the Army’s demands. Again in WWII Hunter Wellington were called up again to make large quantities of thigh high boots and gas masks.

At the end of the war they had become as well-known and trusted as being dependable and “standing the test of time” They became the choice of the working man. Not to mention that with a thick sole and a rounded toe they were much more comfortable.

Let’s fast forward to 2004. They were bought in a leveraged buyout, becoming an independent company and changing their name to the Hunter Rubber Company. At the end of the year to celebrate their 50th anniversary they announced seven different colored boots as well as a children’s line, in order to raise money for charity. In 2006 Hunter Wellies ran into a little money problem and went into “administration.” Which means that they either needed to get more money or break up the business and sell it off into little pieces. They ended up pulling it together and restructured as a heavy weight on the stock exchange branching in to the USA market. After that there was no looking back, they were on the map and becoming super-popular.

Moving right along to 2007 they started to see sales increases of over 80% against their previous years. While having to manufacture more products and the cost of fuel and an old factory were presenting them with some big challenges to overcome, they started to outsource to the Far East and locations in Eastern Europe. Over the years Hunter has made a lot of connections and business relationships with several companies all over the world.

After the 2008 Olympics Hunter Boot made and gave a pair of gold Hunter Wellies to every member of the British Olympic team that took home the gold at the games in Beijing.

In 2009 Hunter made one of their greatest accomplishments by teaming up with fashion designer Jimmy Choo to make a limited edition black only Hunter Wellington boot with gold rivets and a crocodile print.

If you’re in the market for a new pair of boots, make sure you give Hunter Wellies a try. The superior construction, quality and long-lasting durability will keep your feet warm and comfortable. The several color options and different styles will make even the most fashion conscious individual genuinely happy. They are the world’s most trusted and widely used boot perfect for any season complete with an endless selection of choices for men, women and children alike. Create your own rich and creative history with Hunter Wellies today!